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Tripoli 21.10.2014 
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Sherwes Travel

Libya Weekly Security Update

Security Update – 03 October 2014

Dear Shewes Travel readers, we advise you to read the security report from SNE before travelling to Libya.

Regional update

Tripoli, the West and South
Tripoli has remained quiet in the run up to Eid al-Adha, albeit with power cuts and petrol queues persisting. The schedule of flights (all on Libya carriers) from locations such as Casablanca, Istanbul and Amman are now beginning to stabilise and there are also limited flights from Malta, chartered by a small Maltese company (please contact Bloxtons for further details). We therefore recommend that where possible clients no longer use the overland route to Tunisia.

This week, ahead of Eid, Misrata notables agreed to the release of 95 fighters from home towns such as Khoms, Tarhuna and Zlitan. These fighters were detained during the 2011 revolution and are those not thought to have been involved in killings. There are some suggestions that this release may be linked to a prisoner exchange in Sabratha, however this cannot be confirmed.

On 30 September despite an agreed ceasefire, fighting broke out in Sebha. It is understood that 15 individuals were killed although it appears that peace has now returned to the town.

The East
In Benghazi the pattern of assassinations and wider violence has continued to escalate. On 1 October General Hafter made a ceasefire offer (for Eid) which was subsequently rejected by the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries. On the morning of 2 October in the area around Benghazi (Benina) International Airport there was an attempt by fighters aligned with the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries to take control of the airport from forces loyal to General Hafter.

At least 30 soldiers loyal to Hafter are understood to have been killed in what appears to have been initiated by a multiple bombing attack (possibly vehicle based suicide bombings) by fighters aligned with the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries (which comprises of groups including Ansar al Sharia, the Eastern Shield Brigade and other Islamist fighters). Reports suggest these attacks and the subsequent fighting led to over 100 casualties.

Political Analysis

On 28 September the HoR formally swore in a slimmed down cabinet that had been nominated by Prime Minister al-Thinni. The cabinet comprises of just 13 ministers with the positions of oil minister and defence minister notably absent. Meanwhile the al-Hasi led, GNC supported, government in Tripoli (which is perceived by the international community to be illegitimate) has shown signs of attempting to control Tripoli based ministries.

Following on the heels of a meeting in New York on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, the head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Bernardino Leon managed to organize discussions between different factions in Libya in Ghadames on 29 September. The talks included 15 members of the House of Representatives (HoR) who have been attending HoR sessions and 12 who have boycotted the legislative body despite having been elected to it. Special envoys from the UK (Jonathan Powell) and Malta (Joe Mangion) also attended. The discussion was intended to identify ways to restore the HoR’s legitimacy and to expand its reach within the country. The talks were for the moment largely inconclusive and notably had no representation from many prominent actors such as Libyan Dawn and other militia and revolutionary groups.

The negotiations themselves have been a source of tension among different groups. On the one hand, Shiekh Sadiq al-Gharyani, Libya’s Grand Mufti, condemned the Ghademes negotiations and forbade his supporters from participating. Generally, al-Gharyani is supportive of the Libya Dawn movement, which also includes groups from Misrata and Libya Shield. Libya Dawn reiterated al-Gharyani’s condemnation, while Libya Shield has acknowledged that it has not taken a position on the negotiations.

While international actors in Libya had served for the most part as catalysts for instability, with different domestic political actors serving as proxies for loose coalitions of foreign states, a new sense of urgency in regard to Libya’s deepening crisis has brought other international actors to the fore. These “newcomers” are trying to broker a negotiated outcome to Libya’s problems, but at the same time, their involvement is divisive.

Algeria, a reticent regional heavyweight, has taken a different approach that is quickly gathering broader international support. Led by Algeria’s technocratic Foreign Minister, Ramtane Lamamra, Algeria has proposed all-encompassing talks for the end of October that would include not just members of the HoR, but also individuals who have either stayed out of formal political institutions or who have been bypassed by them. Algeria said that if the talks were to succeed, then they must involve all political stakeholders, including former Qadhafi loyalists and reformed radical Islamists. Lamamra is Algeria’s former ambassador to the African Union and he is well-liked by his counterparts elsewhere on the continent, which has contributed to the Algerian initiative’s success. It has also won the open support of Canada and has the implicit backing of the US, which has been trying hard to encourage Algeria to play a more forceful regional role. There have so far been mixed messages from Libyan Dawn as to whether they would be willing to participate.

All of this is not to say that those foreign actors who have been drivers of instability like Qatar, Turkey, Egypt, and the UAE have retreated. They are very much still active. For example, Egypt has recently offered to train Libyan security forces ostensibly under the control of the HoR.

It is nonetheless clear that the scope and depth of Libya’s crisis is becoming more widely recognized, as is the fact that there is no easy solution. While the groups are divided by ideology, they are all pursuing the same objective, namely control of the Libyan state and its hydrocarbons receipts. And all the while, alliances within Libya continue to shift, not least in response to the prospect of negotiations, and as oil revenue seemingly continues to grow.

Plasma Hotel**** - Tripoli
This very luxurious hotel is located just steps from Tripoli International Fair and a short walk to the city centre (Martyre Square). The hotel boasts wonderful views of the Tripoli city.
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Bab El Bahar Hotel**** - Tripoli
Bab El Bahar hotel is situated in the financial district of the city of Tripoli, it over looks the coast of the Mediterranean.
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Awal Hotel**** - Tripoli
Awal hotel is a new boutique hotel in Tripoli and with its central location, it offers the very best in modern hotel comfort. WELCOME!!!
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Four Seasons Hotel (1) - Tripoli
This luxuriously appointed hotel has been designed to reflect the mélange between the modernity and the Libyan traditional hosting.
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Al Khaleej Hotel*** - Tripoli
This charming and affordable hotel with cosy rooms and friendly English speaking staff is an easy stroll to the city centre.
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Al Kabir Hotel**** - Tripoli /Closed for renovation.
Al Kabir (Grand) is a 4 star hotel that is surrounded by gardens and offers spectacular views of the Mediterranean Sea.
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Al Saraya Hotel*** - Tripoli
The hotel enjoys an excellent location, in the town centre, just a few meters from the lovely Avenue Omar Al Mokhtar and is just opposite Tripoli International Fairground.
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Zumit Hotel*** - Tripoli
An ancient 3 star hotel from the Othman period used since it was built as a hotel and as a rendezvous for convey merchants coming from Africa and Europe.
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Tripoli International Hotel**** - Tripoli
This hotel is very nice. It's only been open for a couple of months so it feels very new and clean.
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Thobacts Hotel**** - Tripoli
Thobacts Hotel, located in the heart of Tripoli City, is within walking distance of Tripoli International Fair, Fatha Tower, Martyre Square and Lido beach.
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El Khan Hotel*** - Tripoli
A lovely 16c riad style boutique hotel, very tastefully decorated. The hotel boasts lovely plunge pool and very good restaurant. Perfectly located in the heart of the medina.
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Diplomatic Hotel*** - Tripoli
Diplomatic hotel is a newly opened star hotel and is located in the heart of Tripoli´s commercial center.
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Libya Hotel - Tripoli ***
The central location in one of Tripoli's most dynamic business districts gives you access to reach the Tripoli International Fairground, El Fatah tower and Burj Abu Lila within a few minutes walking distance.
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The Golden Chain Hotel *** - Tripoli
It's a lovely and charming hotel. Only 5 minutes walking distance from Tripoli International Fair.
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Al Okhwa Hotel*** - Tripoli
Al Okhwa hotel is one of the modern hotels in Tripoli and is located in the city centre only few meters from Tripoli International Trade Fair.
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Al Waddan Hotel***** Tripoli
This 5-star hotel is situated in the heart of Tripoli and nestles between the mature trees and shrubs that line the Corniche.
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Al Fousul Al Arbaa Hotel (2) ** - Tripoli
There's an abundance of creature comforts and delights at this centrally located hotel. Close to Tripoli International Fair, Martyre Sqaure and Tripoli's old town (medina).
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Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel ***** - Tripoli
This 5 star hotel is Located in one of the fanciest neighbourhoods in Tripoli.
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Al Kendi Hotel** - Tripoli
It is one of the excellent hotels which is located in the middle of Tripoli city.
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Al Andalus Hotel ** Tripoli
This stylish two-star is located in the city centre of close to businesses, shopping centres and area attractions.
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Assafi Hotel** -Tripoli
The friendly, peaceful 2-star Assafi hotel is ideally located on a small, quiet street and right across from Tripoli International Fair.
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Thuria Hotel *** - Tripoli
Thuria hotel is ideally situated to make the most of any trip to Tripoli.
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Ashajara Hotel*** - Tripoli
Ashajara hotel is a 3 star hotel located in Dahra area, which is in the heart of the city. Its unique location grants the residents an easy access to the Tripoli utilities & services.
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Safwa Hotel*** - Tripoli
SAFWA hotel is a First Class, 3 star hotel that has been uniquely designed in suites. It is located in the the old Italian quarter in the center of Tripoli.
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Zahrat El Khaleej Hotel *** - Tripoli
A charming Hotel that is located in the city centre. The hotel offers a reasonable price for good standard accommodation
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Yousser Hotel Tripoli **
Yousser hotel is located in the Italian old quarter Dahra, close to the Embassy of Italy and Al Wadan hotel.
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Bait Al Sharq Hotel*** - Tripoli
Bait Al Sharq Hotel provides the value for money hard to find in this area.Extremely well located.
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Radisson Blu Hotel***** Tripoli
Coming soon. The hotel is Located in one of the fanciest neighbourhoods in Tripoli. Location: 800 meters from Green Square.
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Al Rayan Hotel*** - Tripoli
New hotel coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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Sherwes Travel • P.O. Box 91713 Dath El Emad • Tripoli • Libya • Tel/fax: +218-21-4801370 • Cellphone: +218-925201677
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