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Tripoli 01.09.2014 
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Who were the Severans?

Who were the Severans?


The names of Emperors Septimius Severus (193-211) and Severus Alexander (222-235) pop up regularly at Roman sites throughout Libya. What was so special about them? Fast rewind to the late second century AD, when Rome went through a particularly difficult patch under Emperor Commodus. From 180-193, Commodus lived a life of debauchery in Rome, renaming the city Commodiana and spending his time showing off his brute force fighting wild beasts in the colosseum. Eventually, he was strangled by a wrestling partner, in the power struggle that ensued among the military, one Septimius Severus, an aristocrat from Leptis Magna came out on top after four year of civil war.

Septimius Severus was the right strong man at the right time. He realized that the Empire faced some formidable enemies, notably on the eastern frontier, and hence was to rule from the frontier provinces. He added Mesopotamia to Rome’s dominions, and expanded the army, adding two new legions and opening up the career structure to soldiers from the ranks. His dying words to his sons are said to have been ˝Do not quarrel with each other, pay the troops, and despise the rest.˝

Septimius Severus did not forget his African origins. In 202-203, he overwintered in Africa. He had huge works undertaken at Leptis Magna. Along with Leptis, Carthage and Utica were given immunity from provincial taxes. The emperor had acquired huge properties in Africa Proconsularis, the lands of senators whom he had executed for their support of rival Cladius Albinius. This no doubt gave him the resources for his considerable largesse towards Africa’s cities, recognized by the construction of triumphal arches.

Unfortunately, Septimius Severus’ sons Caracalla and Geta were not of the same stuff as their father. Dynastic infighting followed, with Caracalla murdering Geta, only to be murdered by his own troops. Elagabalus (218-222) was also murdered after a short reign decadent by even Rome’s standards, and his cousin, the young Severus Alexander, succeeded in 222.(He too was eventually murdered by the army). The Severan dynasty disappeared, and 26 emperors followed in fifty years. But though the mid-third century proved to be a time of chaos in Rome, the provinces of Africa continued to prosper. Septimius Severus had broken the power of the warlike desert tribes, Numedia had been made a separate province and the defences reorganized.

Despite the vast sums spent, the building programmes and the army, the Severan period saw a development which was to have long lasting effect, for Europe. Septimius Severus named a certain Papinian praetorian prefect. Along with jurists Ulpian and Julius Paulus, he laid the bases for the Roman low which was eventually codified by the emperor Justinian in the sixth century. And under Caracalla, an edict was issued granting Roman citizenship to virtually all fee men in the Empire.

 
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Plasma Hotel**** - Tripoli
This very luxurious hotel is located just steps from Tripoli International Fair and a short walk to the city centre (Martyre Square). The hotel boasts wonderful views of the Tripoli city.
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Bab El Bahar Hotel**** - Tripoli
Bab El Bahar hotel is situated in the financial district of the city of Tripoli, it over looks the coast of the Mediterranean.
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Awal Hotel**** - Tripoli
Awal hotel is a new boutique hotel in Tripoli and with its central location, it offers the very best in modern hotel comfort. WELCOME!!!
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Four Seasons Hotel (1) - Tripoli
This luxuriously appointed hotel has been designed to reflect the mélange between the modernity and the Libyan traditional hosting.
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Al Khaleej Hotel*** - Tripoli
This charming and affordable hotel with cosy rooms and friendly English speaking staff is an easy stroll to the city centre.
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Al Kabir Hotel**** - Tripoli /Closed for renovation.
Al Kabir (Grand) is a 4 star hotel that is surrounded by gardens and offers spectacular views of the Mediterranean Sea.
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Al Saraya Hotel*** - Tripoli
The hotel enjoys an excellent location, in the town centre, just a few meters from the lovely Avenue Omar Al Mokhtar and is just opposite Tripoli International Fairground.
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Zumit Hotel*** - Tripoli
An ancient 3 star hotel from the Othman period used since it was built as a hotel and as a rendezvous for convey merchants coming from Africa and Europe.
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Tripoli International Hotel**** - Tripoli
This hotel is very nice. It's only been open for a couple of months so it feels very new and clean.
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Thobacts Hotel**** - Tripoli
Thobacts Hotel, located in the heart of Tripoli City, is within walking distance of Tripoli International Fair, Fatha Tower, Martyre Square and Lido beach.
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El Khan Hotel*** - Tripoli
A lovely 16c riad style boutique hotel, very tastefully decorated. The hotel boasts lovely plunge pool and very good restaurant. Perfectly located in the heart of the medina.
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Diplomatic Hotel*** - Tripoli
Diplomatic hotel is a newly opened star hotel and is located in the heart of Tripoli´s commercial center.
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Libya Hotel - Tripoli ***
The central location in one of Tripoli's most dynamic business districts gives you access to reach the Tripoli International Fairground, El Fatah tower and Burj Abu Lila within a few minutes walking distance.
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The Golden Chain Hotel *** - Tripoli
It's a lovely and charming hotel. Only 5 minutes walking distance from Tripoli International Fair.
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Al Okhwa Hotel*** - Tripoli
Al Okhwa hotel is one of the modern hotels in Tripoli and is located in the city centre only few meters from Tripoli International Trade Fair.
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Al Waddan Hotel***** Tripoli
This 5-star hotel is situated in the heart of Tripoli and nestles between the mature trees and shrubs that line the Corniche.
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Al Fousul Al Arbaa Hotel (2) ** - Tripoli
There's an abundance of creature comforts and delights at this centrally located hotel. Close to Tripoli International Fair, Martyre Sqaure and Tripoli's old town (medina).
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Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel ***** - Tripoli
This 5 star hotel is Located in one of the fanciest neighbourhoods in Tripoli.
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Al Kendi Hotel** - Tripoli
It is one of the excellent hotels which is located in the middle of Tripoli city.
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Al Andalus Hotel ** Tripoli
This stylish two-star is located in the city centre of close to businesses, shopping centres and area attractions.
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Assafi Hotel** -Tripoli
The friendly, peaceful 2-star Assafi hotel is ideally located on a small, quiet street and right across from Tripoli International Fair.
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Thuria Hotel *** - Tripoli
Thuria hotel is ideally situated to make the most of any trip to Tripoli.
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Ashajara Hotel*** - Tripoli
Ashajara hotel is a 3 star hotel located in Dahra area, which is in the heart of the city. Its unique location grants the residents an easy access to the Tripoli utilities & services.
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Safwa Hotel*** - Tripoli
SAFWA hotel is a First Class, 3 star hotel that has been uniquely designed in suites. It is located in the the old Italian quarter in the center of Tripoli.
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Zahrat El Khaleej Hotel *** - Tripoli
A charming Hotel that is located in the city centre. The hotel offers a reasonable price for good standard accommodation
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Yousser Hotel Tripoli **
Yousser hotel is located in the Italian old quarter Dahra, close to the Embassy of Italy and Al Wadan hotel.
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Bait Al Sharq Hotel*** - Tripoli
Bait Al Sharq Hotel provides the value for money hard to find in this area.Extremely well located.
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Radisson Blu Hotel***** Tripoli
Coming soon. The hotel is Located in one of the fanciest neighbourhoods in Tripoli. Location: 800 meters from Green Square.
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Al Rayan Hotel*** - Tripoli
New hotel coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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New hotel
Coming soon.
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Sherwes Travel • P.O. Box 91713 Dath El Emad • Tripoli • Libya • Tel/fax: +218-21-4801370 • Cellphone: +218-925201677
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